Take Better Pictures With Photography Tips

Taking Great Photos Underwater

Taking Great Photos Underwater
Copyright 2006 Rob Daniels

The Nikonos, manufactured by Nikon, was the first true underwater camera and to this day remains the industry standard. Nikon has discontinued their first-rate Nikonos line of underwater cameras and lenses, although you may still find the Nikonos on the used market or eBay.

Underwater photography is a great way to record your experience with non-divers of the wonderful world below the waves.

If you simply want an underwater camera for a day, you might want to consider either a Kodak or a Fuji single-use disposable camera. For those beginning in the field of underwater photography, an inexpensive waterproof disposable camera can be a good way to get started. Some of the disposable underwater cameras are equipped with an integrated flash unit.

One of the difficulties casual snorkelers and divers who are attempting underwater photography struggle with is the lack of visibility in the view finder on underwater cameras. Too many commercially built underwater cameras cases merely depend on lining up dots, which isn't sufficient for proper composition of underwater pictures. Very few underwater cameras have a finder large enough to be used accurately underwater.

Serious enthusiasts who want the advantages of a single-lens reflex auto-focus camera may prefer a land camera in an underwater housing. Some of the more advanced and specialized cameras have an underwater mode that change the features, operation, or interface of the camera for underwater use. Imagine having an underwater camera that takes 220 shots at 12 million pixels that you can see and delete underwater. When most people think about shooting digital pictures underwater, they think of large underwater camera housings, intricate flash strobes and a very large budget. But that is not always the case Canon is making an entire line of underwater housings for many of its digital point-and-shoot cameras in the PowerShot line. While serious underwater photography still requires higher-end equipment, these cameras and housings can produce some very good results. Digital cameras can also afford more shooting time underwater with a larger 1-gig compact flash card.

Another important item to consider before taking any underwater shots is the proper camera lens. The basic camera systems available for underwater photography have a thirty-five millimeter lens.

There are some real disadvantages to underwater photography. One particular challenge in underwater photography is the use of a flash. Flash photography underwater is limited in range to about 8 ft at the extreme, 4-6 ft commonly.

Browse through any collection of (good) underwater photography, and you will see that every image is either macro or wide-angle, without exception. For this reason alone, many divers new to underwater photography start by concentrating on macro subjects. Doing macro underwater shares many of the same concepts as shooting on dry land. The trick is to shoot close with a wide angle with an auto-focus camera because depth of field underwater is very unforgiving. If you're a new to underwater photography, four feet should be the maximum distance from which to photograph your subject. When you are estimating the camera-to-subject distance underwater you are estimating the apparent distance, the actual distance is 25 percent further away.

Remember Underwater Photography starts as skill development, then composition followed by technique and finely artistic realization. Many of the rules of land photography still apply underwater but they must be used with some thought. The irony of underwater photography is that for all its beauty, the biggest enemy is the water itself. Unlike taking photos topside, when reloading is a simple process, cameras cannot be reloaded underwater.

Even if you are not using it for underwater use, sand and sea air can damage the delicate mechanisms within the camera. To take effective pictures underwater you need to be able to concentrate on your subject and the operation of your camera equipment. Underwater photography is great fun, but getting good results is extremely tricky and the equipment is very expensive.

Underwater Cameras:discover A Whole New World Underwater


It is a known fact that over seventy-five percent of our world is covered in water, this world has just as many interesting things to take pictures of and is always changing with every ripple and wave. Underwater cameras are a great way to capture these scenes that are ever changing. Underwater cameras are great for deep-sea divers and the snorkeling community alike. They are also a great type of camera to take to the pool or lake to sneak a few pictures of the local wildlife in the water and around the water. No matter if you are new to using an underwater camera or picture taking in general, the water has a lot of offer and just waiting to be seen.

These types of cameras are not to be confused with a normal camera that is used every day on land. An underwater camera is specially made to be able to be completely submerged underwater and able to take the pressure surrounding it and has a waterproof casing. The underwater camera also takes the same great quality pictures on dry land in rough and rugged conditions, but it has advanced features for a water setting.

Underwater cameras come in all shapes, sizes and film format. Many digital cameras that are made for the underwater environment come with a viewfinder so you can see exactly what you are taking a picture of and what your camera sees. There are still a great line of underwater cameras that use film that needs to be developed and they work just as well as a digital camera and take the same great picture. The smaller underwater cameras are normally very good for up to two hundred feet to four hundred feet while the bigger cameras are made for deeper regions of the waters.

Travel Photography – Packing Your Accessories For The Journey


Taking your camera with you on holiday provides a great opportunity to capturing on film new landscapes, different cultures and their landmarks.
Whether you are at a beach, rural or city location, the pictures will provide a record of the memorable experience whilst building your photography skills and expertise.

It is always worth learning a few new tips to improve on those skills and make those pictures more rewarding.

Before you travel

Get to know your camera and film well before packing all your accessories to travel with. Be sure to test all your equipment before you leave. Once you're there on your travels you may not be able to repeat the visit for some time.
Your film sees things slightly differently from you so get to know the characteristics of the type of film you use.

This will help in predicting any differences, in doing so prevent any unpleasant surprises. After booking your travel carry out some research on the area you are travelling to, making a list using travel guides, magazines and books will help plan for the location you are going to visit.

Try relevant web sites, online communities and newsgroups provide more up-to date information to get some first-hand information, travel tips and advice on finding some scenic spots.

This will save precious time when you are there and also help with the type of shots you may wish to take when you are there, nature pictures of animals feeding, sunsets, historical buildings or even fireworks.

Charge camera batteries before you leave, again this saves time. Take an extra memory card with you and clear the memory on both cards before you leave, this will help as with the modern digital camera holding so many pictures you can shoot lots of pictures of the same subject. Wait till you get home before deciding on and sorting out the good from the bad before printing them.

Try learning some of the language. Even a few phrases can go a long way with people as in many countries people do not expect visitors to be able to speak their language and are pleasantly surprised as this shows that you are taking an interest.

What to pack

Make a list of items you want to bring with you before travelling. You're guaranteed that whatever you leave behind will be the travel accessory you need when you are travelling.

Aswell as your camera, keep in mind the following accessories to travel with:

Batteries, extra batteries, battery charger, memory card(s)
Film (be careful, film purchased abroad may have been stored under the wrong conditions)
Portable storage device, external flash
Tripod (useful for low light situations or when using a strong telephoto lens)
Power adapter (if travelling abroad)
Camera case, waterproof if going to a wet location or beach (purchase silica gel packs from your camera accessories store to reduce moisture further)
Underwater camera if you are travelling to a beach location (even a small disposable underwater camera will capture great shots)
Get a wrist strap for your camera, helps against the possibility of losing your camera.
Using a flash, as fill flash can be more helpful in broad daylight than at night. Typically an in built camera flash
will have a range of only a few metres.
Wide-angle lens, monopod zoom lens
Purchase the best lens you can afford, these are more important than a camera with many features.

Take as many spare parts as you can, for example: second camera body, small pocket tripod, wide angle lens and
50 mm lens incase light conditions are bad. You can always keep these spare accessories at the hotel if you plan ahead for your day trip.

Filters

To reduce contrast use a neutral density grey filter to cover the bright parts of the picture
When using filters, always take an unfiltered version of the picture aswell (except for UV or daylight filters).
A polarising filter may eliminate reflections and enhance saturation.

Airport X-rays

On flights, never check in film with your main luggage there is the possibility that the strong X-ray machines at airports that scan checked in luggage may damage your film. Hand baggage would be a safer option.
The damage can range from a lack of sharpness or a cast to severe damage.

Well that's it, I hope some of the above advice may help in your travel planning. More information at

Taking Incredible Close-up Flower Photos with Digital Camera


The shooting of flower is an unavoidable topic for photography lovers. It is an essential step to a success photographer. Considering the superb color of follower, many things you should take into consideration including light, time, location, and so on. Flower shooting doesn't need to change the lens. Canon 60D kit 18-135 lens can be a good choice. Shooting flowers need macro, you just need to adjust the mode or modify shutter before taking a picture mode. Things you need to prepare: Canon 60D kit 18-135 lens, SLR cameras, large-capacity memory card, flash bulb, Tripod Find a view. Generally, to get flower shoot, the photographer can choose distant location to take flowers. That means you can take a total shoot of the panoramic picture first, then you can go near and take the shoot of you target. So people not only can have a look of the scene, but also the details of the glasses and flowers. Depth of Field To get a close-up photo, you need to understand the impact of the aperture for depth of field. The f/1.8-4.5 aperture is large aperture; f/11-16 aperture small aperture, depth of field size marked on the lens. Take the example of 50 mm lens, for a 4 inch target, aperture of f / 4 shooting, resulting depth of field of about 6 inches, that is the focus of pre two inches and follow four inches. If shot with f/16 aperture at the same distance, resulting depth of field is about 24 inches, which is the focus of pre eight inches follow 16 inches. Therefore, with a small aperture can be a clearer scene. According focus distance to view the depth of field, even use a small aperture, the depth of focus is very small. Small subjects, such as the butterfly fall on the flowers. It is enough to make it in the focal plane with a large aperture. There are two advantages: 1, With a large aperture, even with slow chip can also using a fast shutter speed to condense the action. 2 Make the exclude background clutter out of the focal plane. The technique is called separation of this prominent main focus. Mostly photographers often used this technique to eliminate the clutter background, in order to highlight the subject, especially when they need to take the shoot of a follower or glass. In general, the photographers prefer to shoot a flower as the background, so that the foliage mixed together. The disadvantage of this condition is that the target is not highlight enough. Shooting tipsPhotographer should be patient to observe around. A large aperture is recommended to highlight the most beautiful part. With separate focus and the long focal length lens, you can shoot a beautiful the word, you can use flash to highlight the subject and leave the dark background underexposed. There are many rich-effect photos adopted by photography magazine, although it is the night the effect that seems not very natural. Use a small aperture and flash to take close-up shots. As the most of time, I'd prefer to make a animation after a shooting travel. For this purpose, a lot of images may be taken. So the prepare works should well. Do backup and clean your SD storage before the travel. Have done your animation with Flash Video Editor? The FLV video may be not compatible with many portable devices and software, which means you may need to convert flv to avi or any other format videos with an flv to avi converter.